July 29,2008

Baucus Hearing Statement Regarding The Future of U.S. Trade Policy

Hearing Statement of Senator Max Baucus (D-Mont.)
Regarding The Future of U.S. Trade Policy

A Chinese proverb says: “Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide to the future.”

We have with us today a wealth of past experience. We have before us four former U.S.
Trade Representatives who together led this country’s trade policy through the first days
of the technological revolution to the global economy of today. We cannot forget their
past contributions. And their experience is a sure guide to the future.

These former USTRs oversaw the negotiations of NAFTA and the Uruguay Round,
which ultimately led to the creation of the World Trade Organization. They led key
Asian countries, like China and Japan, to join the global trading system. And they
continue to critique and contribute to America’s trade policy debate.

We stand at a crossroads in trade policy. The past eight years have seen an explosion of
free trade agreements and market liberalization. Tariffs have decreased. International
trade in goods and services has increased. And global markets are more integrated than

But this growth has not come without its costs. American workers have been displaced
from their jobs. Environmental and labor standards have not kept pace with economic
growth. America’s current account deficit looms larger than ever. And trade enforcement has fallen from the top of this administration’s priorities.

It falls to this Congress, and the next, to address these issues.

We must first ensure that America’s workers are protected from the negative effects of
trade agreements and globalization. We must push for robust Trade Adjustment Assistance that ensures that America’s manufacturers, farmers, and service workers receive the help that they need.

We must foster America’s competitiveness by ensuring maximum opportunities for our
companies. To do this, we must ensure that our trading partners play by the rules, at
home and abroad.

And we must also consider how best to provide American businesses with the ability to
compete and grow.

The President’s fast track authority expired on June 30, 2007, and has not been renewed.
The next Congress will face many questions about fast track. Should we renew it? If so,
when? And what lessons from the past should we incorporate into any new fast track

The next Congress will also have to address one of the largest U.S. current account
deficits in our history. Economists have warned that this deficit may be unsustainable,
and lead to dire economic consequences.

We must address the U.S. current account deficit comprehensively. Among other things,
that means that we need to apply pressure on those countries that maintain misaligned

And we must face our social responsibilities. For more than 30 years, our country has
provided trade preference programs to developing countries. These programs provide
incentives for increased economic development in countries around the world. These
programs help to lift many out of poverty. We must examine these programs to make
sure that they are fulfilling their purpose.

The environment is also at the forefront of our social consciousness. The world is
debating how to address climate change. America must lead that debate. We must
address this pressing issue in a way that is responsible to our environment, our economy,
and our international trade obligations.

So let us come together to discuss these important issues. Let us recall the experience
and expertise that our four witnesses bring to the table today. And may learning from our
past experience guide us to a stronger, more-competitive America in the years to come.