March 31,2006

Grassley: GAO Report Shows States Should Spend More on Work Services, Training


To: Reporters and Editors
Re: GAO report on states’ use of TANF block grant
Da: Friday, March 31, 2006

Sen. Chuck Grassley, chairman of the Finance Committee, today released a report he
requested from the Government Accountability Office (GAO) documenting states’ use of their
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant.

Grassley said the report validates the need for the welfare reform provisions enacted through
the Deficit Reduction Act. A key purpose of those provisions is to ensure broader engagement of
current welfare recipients in work and other productive activities. The GAO report highlights the
need for this reform by documenting the increase in state spending on services that are not directly
linked to assisting welfare recipients with obtaining the skills they need to get and maintain a goodpaying
job. In every state studied, employment services and training represented the smallest
percentage of non-cash assistance spent by the states.

The 1996 welfare law specified that states should have 50 percent of eligible adults receiving
assistance engaged in a certain number of hours of work or other work activities by 2002, mitigated
by a credit for caseload reduction. Most states do not meet the 50 percent participation rate.
Additionally, states report that the majority of adults receiving assistance are not engaged in any
education, training or job preparation activities at all. Grassley made the following statement on the
GAO report. The report, “Welfare Reform/Better Information Needed to Understand Trends in
States’ Uses of the TANF Block Grant,” GAO-06-414, will be available at

“Families in the welfare program need employment services and training to get and maintain
good- paying jobs. I’ve been very concerned that states report that nearly 60 percent of adults in the
welfare program are engaged in zero hours of work or work-related training. I hope the reforms in
the Deficit Reduction Act will result in an increased emphasis by states on education and training so
individuals on welfare can make the successful transition to meaningful and gainful employment.”