Grassley Pushes to Make Education Tax Incentives Permanent
WASHINGTON -- Sen. Chuck Grassley, chairman of the Committee on Finance, is working to make permanent a series of education tax incentives he worked to enact in 2001 and 2002. These incentives would help parents save and pay for their children’s education and make it easier to earna college degree without securing a lifetime of debt.
“Congress is willing to consider permanent tax relief for companies to buy machinery,”Grassley said. “Tax relief for education is an investment in the mind. It’s just as important as job creating tax incentives for businesses. Some will say we can’t afford this, but we really can’t afford to lose billions of dollars of help for Americans working hard to educate their kids.”
Grassley just introduced two education bills:
The first bill is the Lower Expenses for Students Seeking Opportunities Now (LESSON) Act, which makes permanent the college tuition tax deduction that Grassley worked to enact as partof the 2001 tax relief law. Due to the lack of money for all priorities, that provision was effectiveonly through 2005.
For parents who struggle to afford ever-increasing college tuition for their children, thetuition tax deduction is important, Grassley said. At between $2,000 and $4,000 -- depending onincome -- it is a beneficial tax incentive for many middle-income Americans, he said.
Taxpayers with adjusted gross income of up to $65,000 for singles and up to $130,000 for couples receive a tuition deduction of $4,000; taxpayers with adjusted gross income of $80,000 to $160,000 receive a maximum deduction of $2,000. If Congress takes no action, this deduction expires Dec. 31, 2005.
The second bill, the Anticipatory Initiatives for Matriculation (AIM) Act, makes permanentthe rest of the education tax incentives in the 2001 tax relief law, and the teacher deduction forclassroom materials and continuing education costs that was included in the 2002 tax relief law. Theteacher deduction expired Dec. 31, 2003. The other provisions will expire Dec. 31, 2010, if Congress takes no action. Details of the tax incentives include:
Removing the limitation on the deductibility of student loan interest. Grassley led theeffort to restore the deduction after Congress totally eliminated it in 1986. Congress reinstated the deduction with a 60-payment limit in 1997; in 2001, Grassley won removal of the 60-payment limit and increased the income limits, allowing more students to claim the deduction.
Improvements to education savings accounts. These incentives help parents save moneyfor their children’s higher education. Corporations, unions, charitable organizations, foundationsand other entities also can contribute to a child's account. Parents can withdraw from the educationsavings accounts for kindergarten through 12th grade expenses.
The 2001 law increased contribution limits from $500 to $2,000; set new income phase-outranges for adjusted gross income of $95,000 and $110,000 for singles and $190,000 to $220,000 forjoint filers; allowed contributions beyond age 18 for special needs beneficiaries; and madedistributions tax-free as long as the money is not used for the same educational expenses for whicha tax credit is claimed with the HOPE or Lifetime Learning Credit.
Making distributions from pre-paid college savings plans and tuition plans tax-free andpermitting consortia of private colleges and universities to offer pre-paid tuition plans. Beforethe 2001 law, states could offer tuition plans to which people contribute money for the highereducation expenses of a beneficiary. The earnings were taxed at withdrawal to the beneficiary. Nowthe withdrawals are tax-free.
A key incentive is already permanent, via the 2001 tax relief law. That law made permanentthe tax-free treatment of employer-provided educational assistance. Educational expenses paidby an employer for its employees were generally deductible to the employer. For employees,employer-paid educational expenses were excluded from gross income if provided under certainassistance plans. The exclusion was set to expire on Dec. 31, 2001, and didn’t apply to graduate classes. Under the 2001 law, this exclusion became permanent and applied to graduate classes as well.
“Thomas Jefferson envisioned a well-educated society,” Grassley said. “It’ll take all of these steps, and more, to maintain his vision. Jefferson couldn’t have predicted the super-charged, highly technical environment of today’s workplaces. It takes a commitment at every level of society tomove our children from the chalk board to the circuit board.”
Last week, Grassley received the 2004 Award for Advocacy of Independent HigherEducation from the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities for his legislativework. The association said, “Because of his leadership, students and working families have moreoptions than ever for saving and paying for college.”
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