February 28,2008

Baucus Floor Statement Regarding the Andean Trade Preferences Act

Floor Statement of Senator Max Baucus (D-Mont.)
Regarding the Andean Trade Preferences Act Extension

Mr. President, today, the Senate takes the important step of extending the Andean Trade Preferences Act for 10 months. This follows action in the House yesterday on the same bill. We can now ensure continuation of this important program before it expires tomorrow.

I would have preferred a longer term extension of ATPA. But a 10-month extension is a sound
compromise. It is good for America. And it is good for our Andean neighbors.

In recent weeks, we have had a lively debate over the value of this preference program.
Opponents point to one-sided benefits. They warn against risky investments.

Proponents say that our Andean preferences complement drug eradication efforts. We say that
they create jobs in both developing countries and here at home.

Today as in the past, I support ATPA. ATPA is an investment in mutual prosperity and regional
stability. It is good foreign policy. ATPA is a boon to the developing economies of Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, and Ecuador. It brings economic development where poverty persists. It
encourages alternative crops where illegal drugs plague the landscape. It creates jobs where there have long been too few. And it can provide a platform for more comprehensive engagement, such as the free trade agreements that Peru and Colombia have negotiated with the United States.
The economic benefits of ATPA are mutual. Flower exports from Colombia and Ecuador employ
Andean agriculture workers in their countries. And they also create transportation and retail jobs
here at home.

The United States sells its cotton to Andean buyers, who make it into fabric and apparel. And
that creates jobs for American farmers and skilled Andean labor. It is precisely this mutual
prosperity that has earned the Andean Trade Preferences Act the broad support it commands,
even from sectors that have traditionally been wary of trade.

But as important, we must recognize that ATPA benefits are neither handouts nor freebies. To
benefit from preferences, each ATPA partner must meet strict eligibility criteria. Beneficiaries
must afford internationally recognized worker rights. They must protect and enforce intellectual
property rights. They must cooperate in counternarcotics efforts. And they must ensure the
integrity of U.S. investments by, among other things, honoring contracts with U.S. investors and
abiding by investment decisions made by arbitral panels.

These eligibility requirements are not optional. If a country does not comply, it should not
receive ATPA benefits. Actions have consequences. The U.S. will notice and take into account
actions in ATPA countries that unfairly hurt U.S. interests. Ecuador, in particular, has taken
actions in recent years that call into question its intention to abide by the ATPA conditions related
to investment. These developments are, at best, discouraging. At worst, they might be

In the next few months, I will work with Senator Grassley and others to closely monitor whether
our ATPA beneficiary countries meet these eligibility criteria. And I will work to monitor whether the administration is doing enough to enforce them.

ATPA is good policy. But, as with most policies, hard work can make it better. As in the past, I
will continue to work with opponents and supporters to ensure that all of the elements of the
program are upheld. I will work to see that not just the trade benefits, but the eligibility requirements as well, are upheld. When everyone is playing by the rules, we will have a
comprehensive program that is as good for the United States as it is for Peru, Colombia, Bolivia,
and Ecuador.