November 18,2004

Baucus Hearing Statement: ''FDA, Merck and Vioxx: Putting Patient Safety First?''

Statement of U.S. Senator Max Baucus
“FDA, Merck and Vioxx: Putting Patient Safety First?”

Thank you, Mr. Chairman, for holding this hearing. The withdrawal of the pain-killer
Vioxx from the market has raised serious questions.

Two million patients were taking Vioxx in late September when Merck pulled it due to
concerns about the increased risk of heart attacks and strokes. While we do not know the true
extent of the risk, tens of thousands of patients potentially could have suffered a heart attack or
stroke as a result of the drug.

This hearing is an opportunity to take a hard look at what happened with Vioxx. But this
hearing goes beyond Merck and Vioxx. We must think critically about the way we test and
evaluate drugs to ensure their safety.

In the weeks since Merck withdrew Vioxx, many questions have been raised. Questions

·  When did Merck know about the potential dangers of Vioxx?

·  And should the company have acted sooner to withdraw the drug?

·  Why didn’t the FDA detect the risks associated with Vioxx during the initial approval
process, or even in the 5 years since approval?

·  Does the FDA have sufficient resources, authorit y and independence to ensure that the
drugs it approves are safe?

·  And should we be doing more to monitor drug safety after a drug has been approved?

These questions, and many others, must be answered so that medications do not pose a
risk to Americans’ health. These issues are critical to Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries. In
the 5 years that Vioxx was on the market, Medicaid spent more than $1 billion on the drug. And
Medicaid bears the cost of any additional medical care necessary when drugs cause injury.

Furthermore, in just over a year, Medicare will begin covering prescription drugs through
the optional Part D benefit. We need to be certain that beneficiaries of the new program are not
exposed to potentially harmful medications.

I am concerned that what happened with Vioxx may have been due, in part, to
insufficient emphasis on complete, rigorous, and expansive clinical trials. Clinical trials focused
on drug safety should not stop when the FDA approves a drug. We need to continue testing
drugs to thoroughly evaluate the potential risks, not just the benefits.

Clinical trial results should be more transparent. The conduct and reporting of clinical
trials is critical to approving a new drug. And we must continue to evaluate and monitor drugs
even after they are approved to ensure their safety and effectiveness.

In addition, I have encouraged drug manufacturers to expand the number of patients who
participate in clinical trials, including patients in rural areas such as Montana.

I also support greater use of studies that test the comparative effectiveness and safety of
drugs in similar therapeutic classes. The Medicare bill that passed last year designated $50
million for these studies. And I have supported raising the level of funding to $75 million. But
the current Senate appropriations bill only includes $15 million. We should do more.

Finally, the Vioxx situation raises serious concerns about the broad implications of the
medical malpractice reform bill currently being considered by the Congress.

Liability restrictions in this bill apply not just to doctors and hospitals. They also include
pharmaceutical and medical product manufacturers, such as Merck. And the legislation creates
new protections for products approved by the FDA, like Vioxx.

Given the events we are discussing today, I think the Congress and the public need to
take a hard look at this legislation. I hope that today’s hearing will shed light on recent events.

And I look forward to hearing from our witnesses. Thank you, Mr. Chairman.